The Stelvio National Park is one of the oldest Italian natural parks.

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The Stelvio National Park is one of the oldest Italian natural parks.

It was born with the purpose of protecting the flora, fauna and beauties of the landscape of the Ortles-Cevedale mountain group, and to promote the development of a sustainable tourism in the alpine valleys of Lombardy, Trentino and Alto Adige.

It covers the territory of 24 municipalities and 4 provinces and is in direct contact to the north with the Swiss National Park, to the south with the Adamello-Brenta Provincial Nature Park and with the Adamello Regional Park: all these parks, together, constitute a vast protected area in the heart of the Alps, for almost 400,000 hectares

Mount Cevedale (Zufallspitze in German) is a mountain in the high Alps 3.769 mts.

The Stelvio National Park is one of the oldest Italian natural parks.


The Stelvio National Park was established in 1935 on a territory that was expanded to 130 734 hectares in 1977.

It is characterized by a multitude of animal and plant species and in its territory there are large forests, agricultural areas, farms of mountains, hamlets and inhabited countries. 



The Stelvio National Park is today administered by a consortium formed by the Ministry of the Environment, Province of Bolzano, Province of Trento and the Lombardy Region. 

The three management committees (Bolzano, Trento and Lombardy) refer to a board of directors, in which scientific and environmental figures are also represented.

Stelvio National Park.

It extends over the territory of 24 municipalities and 4 provinces and is in direct contact with the north with the Swiss National Park, to the south with the Adamello-Brenta provincial natural park and with the Adamello Regional Park.
All these parks, together, constitute a vast area in the heart of the Alps that reaches almost 400 000 ha.
Climbing the Stelvio Pass on the Dolomites.

Location and morphological characteristics.


Located on its 130,700 hectares, in the heart of the Central Alps, the Stelvio is a typical high altitude mountainous park: for approximately three quarters, its territory is above 2000 meters and reaches a maximum of 3,905 meters at the top from 'Ortles.
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Thanks to the high average altitudes, it is characterized by a succession of inaccessible peaks and vast glacial surfaces. The Ortles-Cevedale group, on the border between Lombardy and Trentino-Alto Adige, constitutes its geographical heart.
Located in the heart of the Central Alps, the Stelvio is a typical high altitude mountainous park.


The rocky basement consists mainly of metamorphic rocks (gneiss, phyllites, mica schists) and, to a lesser extent, igneous rocks (granites). The presence of sedimentary limestone rocks (mainly dolomite) in the north-western area of ​​the Park is quite special for the internal Alps.

The areas of the valley floor are characterized by the presence of hay meadows, while the slopes are dominated by coniferous forests; climbing again, we reach the alpine meadow, which, with the increase in altitude, becomes increasingly discontinuous to make way for those species that grow, as isolated specimens, even at very high altitudes.

Flora and fauna.


Here life, especially for plants that can not escape the rigors of weather, becomes difficult. Despite the very low temperatures (even well below -20 ° C and with averages that do not exceed 10 ° C in summer), strong winds (with average speeds close to 50 km / h at higher altitudes) and abundant snowfall (the total accumulation of fresh snow can exceed 7 m), many plants can survive even at more than 3,000 m altitude.
The alpine androsace grows on siliceous rocky debris, moraines and debris.

The fauna counts, only among vertebrates, more than 260 species. It should be noted, to summarize the wealth of fauna of the Park, the important presence of large raptors (golden eagle and bearded vulture), the rich populations of ungulates (especially deer and mountain goats) and the presence of many species typical of habitats. . mountain (alpine galliformes, marmot, white hare, ermine, etc.).



To them is added the myriad of invertebrates that also live, sometimes, in extreme conditions.
In the park you can find deer, chamois, roe deer, ibex, marmots, foxes, stoats, squirrels, hares, and even badgers and weasels.

A park rich in history.


In addition to being a park with great landscapes and exuberant nature, the Stelvio is also a park rich in history. 

During World War I, the western end of the battle front ran here.
Many traces of these tragic events, the struggle for survival against extremely difficult environmental conditions against men, still remain today, especially in the Valle del Braulio and Passo dello Stelvio, in the Valle dei Forni and in the Valle di Gavia.

Military roads and mule tracks, trenches and military villages are still a testament to the events of the "White War".
In addition to being a park with great landscapes and exuberant nature, the Stelvio is also a park rich in history. 

The Stelvio National Park was born on April 24, 1935 with the administration entrusted to the State Agency of State Forests and the State Forest Corps.

Since 1995, for twenty years, it has been administered by a consortium between the State, the Lombardy Region and the two autonomous provinces of Trento and Bolzano.
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With the entry into force at the end of February 2016 of the legislative decree 13 January 2016, n. 14 the consortium was abolished and the administrative functions, for the territory of their respective competence, were transferred to the Autonomous Provinces of Trento and Bolzano and to the Region of Lombardy, which administers the Lombardy area through Ersaf / Regional Services Agency Agriculture and forestry. The unitary configuration of the Park is guaranteed by a special Coordination and Direction Committee.

Supervision of the park area.

The supervision of the area of ​​the Park is exercised by Carabinieri  (Lombardy) and by the Provincial Forestry (Bolzano and Trento).

The supervision of the area of ​​the Park is exercised by Carabinieri Parks Reparto NP "Stelvio" in Lombardy and by the Provincial Forestry Body in the provinces of Bolzano and Trento.

The protected area covers twenty-three municipalities, more or less widely included within it (ten in Lombardy, ten in the Province of Bolzano and three in the Province of Trento).
Each one of the municipalities of the Park is an ideal starting point to explore the protected area. Its 1500 km of trails allow you to venture out to discover the nature and the human landscapes of the Stelvio.



The visitor centers are the ideal place to deepen the knowledge about the most diverse aspects of such a rich environmental reality.

At the information points, it is possible to have all the useful information about the protected area and about the many initiatives (excursions, workshops, guided tours, various events) organized by the Park.

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2 comments:

  1. For those who are motorcyclists, I recommend making Stelvio at least once in a lifetime, it is very busy and narrow, but after having walked it, any other step seems nothing. The probing motorcycle rally is not worth anything.

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    1. Giampaolo Rossi. The road to get there is wonderful, a little narrow at the end, but suggestive and with good asphalt. At the top there is still a lot of snow but the road is clean. On the peak, a photo is needed, perhaps with your feet in the snow.

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