The Alta Murgia welcomes a fauna among the most interesting of Puglia and Italy, with widely distributed species tied to steppe environments and a few species distribution point linked to other environments.
Among the birds that populates the Murgia there are some of the most important populations of species of steppe and semiarid areas of the Mediterranean basin: lark ( Calandrella brachydactyla ) and the calender ( Melanocorypha calender ) that have particular relevance for the purposes conservazionistici being the most numerous populations Italian peninsula, woodlark ( Lullula arborea ), skylark ( Alauda arvensis ), crested lark (Cristata Gallery ), stone curlew ( Burhinus oedicnemus ). The Murgia welcomes several species of birds of prey including one of the largest populations in the world of lesser kestrel ( Falco naumanni ), a priority species for which the steppe is the trophic habitats and nesting in the historical centers of the neighboring countries where it determines a match unique among ancient architecture and nature. Other species of birds of prey of great importance in the area are the red kite ( Milvus milvus ), the short-toed ( Circaetus gallicus ), the Montagu's harrier ( Circus pygargus ), the marsh harrier ( Circus aeroginosus ), buzzards (Buteo buteo), The kestrel ( Falco tinninculus ), and the Lanner falcon ( Falco biarmicus feldeggii ) for which southern Italy is the western limit expansion.
Among the owls are the barn owl ( Tyto alba ), the long-eared owl ( Asio otus ) and the owl ( Athene noctua ).
The Murgia is also the habitat of amphibians such as the Italian newt ( Triturus italicus ), endemism of central and southern Italy, and the yellow-bellied toad ( Bombina pachypus ) and reptiles such as geckos of kotschyi ( cyrtopodion kotschyi ) , the green lizard ( Lacerta bilineata ), the cervone (Elaphe quatuorlineata ), the leopard snake ( Elaphe situla ), the viper ( Vipera aspis ) and the Hermann tortoise ( Testudo hermanni ).
Among the mammals to be counted the fox ( Vulpes vulpes ), the weasel ( Mustela nivalis ), marten ( Martes weasel ), the badger ( Meles meles ) sporadically is also the wolf ( Canis lupus ).
Of great importance is the small mammal population as the main source trophic for many birds of prey, including the shrew ( Suncus etruscus ), Savi's vole ( Pitymis lizards ), the wood mouse (Apodemus sylvaticus ) and the numerous species of bats of which he cites the greater horseshoe ( greater horseshoe bat ), the lesser horseshoe ( Rhinolophus hipposideros ), the Mediterranean horseshoe ( Rhinolophus euryale ), the Miniottero ( Miniopterus schreibersi ), the greater vespertilio ( Myotis myotis ), the vespertilio Blyth ( Myotis blythii ).
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The most widespread forest formations are mainly constituted by quercine species. Of great importance is the presence of oak ( Q. pubescens L.) but also of the holm oak ( Q. ilex L.), of oak ( Q. cerris L.), the thorny oak ( Q. coccifera Oak L.) of Palestine ( Q. calliprinos Webb) of farnetto ( Q. frainetto Ten.) and the rare fragno ( Quercus trojana Webb) and undergrowth consisting of honeysuckle ( Lonicera sp.), hawthorn ( Crataegus monogyna Jacq.) and numerous herbaceous species and shrubby including peony ( Paeonia mascula L. Mill.), clematis (Clematis flammula L.), the rose of San Giovanni ( Rosa sempervirens L.), wild rose ( Rosa canina L.), gigaro ( Arum italicum Mill.) Cyclamen ( Cyclamen hederifolium Aiton).

They are also popular artificial plants prevalence of Aleppo pine. It is reforestation be implemented in about fifty years starting in 1930, involving, for an area of ​​about 25,000 hectares, the inland areas and coastal Puglia bands.

The pine forests are constituted mainly by Aleppo pine ( Pinus halepensis Mill.) And common cypress ( Cupressus sempervirens L.) with undergrowth of oak and coccifera, mastic ( Pistacia lentiscus L.) and ilatro ( Phillyrea sp.). The steppe areas are characterized by a herbaceous vegetation which includes priority species such as stipa ( Stipa austroitalica Martinowsky) and numerous orchid species belonging to the genera Serapias , Orchis and Ophrys including the species, recently discovered, called Ophrys murgiana .

The arboreal-shrubby vegetation characterizing the natural pastures consists of olive ( Olea europaea var. Sylvestris L.), almond ( Amygdalus communis L.), marruca ( Paliurus spina christi Mill.), Loquat ( Mespilus germanica L.), sloe ( Prunus spinosa L.), wild pear ( Pyrus amygdaliformis ), wild almond ( Prunus webbii Spach), hawthorn ( Crataegus monogyna Jacq.), ramno ( Rhamnus saxatilis Jacq.).

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The National Park of Gran Sasso and Montes de la Laga is a natural park in Italy, which was created in 1991.

It covers an area of ​​2,014 square kilometers and is developed by the province of Teramo, L'Aquila, Pescara and, in a lesser manner, in the provinces of Ascoli and Rieti.

The territory is predominantly mountainous.

It is managed by the Parco Nazionale Gran Sasso e Monti della Laga, based in Assergi, in the province of L'Aquila.

Included in Gran Sasso e Monti della Laga National Park, is a popular touristic attraction and ski resort, used several times as filming locations.

Panorama of Gran Sasso d'Italia. Monti della Laga is seen in the background.

National Park of the Gran Sasso and Montes de la Laga.

The Great Highway of Gran Sasso and Montes de la Laga runs through the park between the Gran Sasso peak and the Sierra known as Montes de la Laga. 



The park is one of the largest protected areas in Europe, its most important part being the Gran Sasso massif, which dominates the landscape that surrounds it; it rises vertically in the immense pastures of Campo Imperatore.

A panoramic view of Campo Imperatore.

The kingdom of perpetual snow, rocks and wind.


On the eastern side, from Teramo, there is a majestic "Paretone" which is a part of the landscape of the Adriatic center. It is the kingdom of perpetual snow, rocks and wind.
Read more: Discover the nature and beauty of the high mountain environments in the Valle d'Aosta.
In the north is the profile of the Sierra de los Montes de la Laga, where thousands of migratory birds stop at the shores of Lake Campotosto. 


The frost decorates the cross of the Gran Sasso.
There are more than 200 kilometers of horse trails that can be used to visit the park.The National Park of Gran Sasso is developed by the province of Teramo, L'Aquila, Pescara and in a lesser way in the provinces of Ascoli and Rieti.

The flora in the Gran Sasso.


Intensive deforestation, especially for the purpose of providing new pastures for herding, has heavily upset the landscape.

To talk about the flora of the Gran Sasso, we must distinguish, also in this area, between the two sides, the Teramo and the Aquila. 

The first, oriented to the northeast, is characterized by a clay substrate and is subject to greater precipitation; These factors favor the hegemony of the beech, with the development of beech trees of great value. The south side, on the other hand, has a calcareous substrate and a continental climate. 



These factors mainly favor the development of poplars, hornbeam and oaks. In the area are the hazel, the chestnut tree (which forms forests with shade), the maple (often present with mammoth specimens). 

On the sunniest slopes you can find mountain ash and wild cherry. Only thanks to the reforestation are the black pine, the fir and the larch. The introduction of this last species, according to Fernando Tammaro and Carlo Catonica of the University of L'Aquila, was a mistake because the environmental conditions of the place are too severe for a deciduous conifer, which is precisely the larch.
The wild rose grows mainly in calcareous, deep soils, rich in nutrients, in deciduous forests, near hedges and at the edge of the woods.

Among the bushes we can mention the juniper, the bilberry (edible), the belladonna (similar in appearance to the bilberry, but poisonous and sometimes even deadly), the holly. 

The blooms are characterized by lilies (a species protected by a Regional Law of Abruzzo), bells, saxifrage, primroses, gentians, carnations and numerous orchids. 
Read more: Discover Italia: off the beaten path, wine and food itineraries and naturalistic routes.
The alpine star apenine deserves a special mention, a very rare plant in the Apennine mountains.
The Ribes alpinum, is a species of small deciduous shrub characteristic of the Gran Sasso.

The fauna in the Gran Sasso.

The Apennine wolf is confined to the most inaccessible areas of the Gran Sasso and the Monti della Laga.

The most imposing exponent of the fauna of the Gran Sasso is the Marsicano bear, a subspecies endemic to the Apennines, of relatively small size, which until a few years ago seemed to have disappeared, but was recently monitored in sporadic raids in the national park territories . 

Apennine fox and wolf specimens were also present. 

Other common mammals that live in the area are: the wild cat, the wild boar, the deer and the roe deer. 
The chamois has a reddish-brown coat with a dark dorsal line, from the throat to the anal mirror in white.

The apenine chamois had become extinct in the Gran Sasso (due to excessive hunting) around 1890, but it was reintroduced in 1992, and now forms a stable colony composed of more than 1,000 specimens. Among the birds of prey, it is worth mentioning the golden eagle, hawk, griffin, common hawk and hawk. 

The presence of the alpine bird and the woodpecker stand out among the other birds. Between the reptiles it is possible to mention the viper of Orsini, also endemic, smaller than the common viper and characterized by a less lethal and almost inoffensive poison, given the scarcity of sightings of this species. 

Placed in the rocks, close to the water courses and in the areas of low juniper avoid, as far as possible, contact with man.



The population of Rupicapra pyrenaica ornata present in Gran Sasso is estimated at 622 specimens (2015 census), and that of Majella is approximately the same size
Gran Sasso raid.
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The Stelvio National Park is one of the oldest Italian natural parks.

It was born with the purpose of protecting the flora, fauna and beauties of the landscape of the Ortles-Cevedale mountain group, and to promote the development of a sustainable tourism in the alpine valleys of Lombardy, Trentino and Alto Adige.

It covers the territory of 24 municipalities and 4 provinces and is in direct contact to the north with the Swiss National Park, to the south with the Adamello-Brenta Provincial Nature Park and with the Adamello Regional Park: all these parks, together, constitute a vast protected area in the heart of the Alps, for almost 400,000 hectares

Mount Cevedale (Zufallspitze in German) is a mountain in the high Alps 3.769 mts.

The Stelvio National Park is one of the oldest Italian natural parks.


The Stelvio National Park was established in 1935 on a territory that was expanded to 130 734 hectares in 1977.

It is characterized by a multitude of animal and plant species and in its territory there are large forests, agricultural areas, farms of mountains, hamlets and inhabited countries. 



The Stelvio National Park is today administered by a consortium formed by the Ministry of the Environment, Province of Bolzano, Province of Trento and the Lombardy Region. 

The three management committees (Bolzano, Trento and Lombardy) refer to a board of directors, in which scientific and environmental figures are also represented.

Stelvio National Park.

It extends over the territory of 24 municipalities and 4 provinces and is in direct contact with the north with the Swiss National Park, to the south with the Adamello-Brenta provincial natural park and with the Adamello Regional Park.
All these parks, together, constitute a vast area in the heart of the Alps that reaches almost 400 000 ha.
Climbing the Stelvio Pass on the Dolomites.

Location and morphological characteristics.


Located on its 130,700 hectares, in the heart of the Central Alps, the Stelvio is a typical high altitude mountainous park: for approximately three quarters, its territory is above 2000 meters and reaches a maximum of 3,905 meters at the top from 'Ortles.
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Thanks to the high average altitudes, it is characterized by a succession of inaccessible peaks and vast glacial surfaces. The Ortles-Cevedale group, on the border between Lombardy and Trentino-Alto Adige, constitutes its geographical heart.
Located in the heart of the Central Alps, the Stelvio is a typical high altitude mountainous park.


The rocky basement consists mainly of metamorphic rocks (gneiss, phyllites, mica schists) and, to a lesser extent, igneous rocks (granites). The presence of sedimentary limestone rocks (mainly dolomite) in the north-western area of ​​the Park is quite special for the internal Alps.

The areas of the valley floor are characterized by the presence of hay meadows, while the slopes are dominated by coniferous forests; climbing again, we reach the alpine meadow, which, with the increase in altitude, becomes increasingly discontinuous to make way for those species that grow, as isolated specimens, even at very high altitudes.

Flora and fauna.


Here life, especially for plants that can not escape the rigors of weather, becomes difficult. Despite the very low temperatures (even well below -20 ° C and with averages that do not exceed 10 ° C in summer), strong winds (with average speeds close to 50 km / h at higher altitudes) and abundant snowfall (the total accumulation of fresh snow can exceed 7 m), many plants can survive even at more than 3,000 m altitude.
The alpine androsace grows on siliceous rocky debris, moraines and debris.

The fauna counts, only among vertebrates, more than 260 species. It should be noted, to summarize the wealth of fauna of the Park, the important presence of large raptors (golden eagle and bearded vulture), the rich populations of ungulates (especially deer and mountain goats) and the presence of many species typical of habitats. . mountain (alpine galliformes, marmot, white hare, ermine, etc.).



To them is added the myriad of invertebrates that also live, sometimes, in extreme conditions.
In the park you can find deer, chamois, roe deer, ibex, marmots, foxes, stoats, squirrels, hares, and even badgers and weasels.

A park rich in history.


In addition to being a park with great landscapes and exuberant nature, the Stelvio is also a park rich in history. 

During World War I, the western end of the battle front ran here.
Many traces of these tragic events, the struggle for survival against extremely difficult environmental conditions against men, still remain today, especially in the Valle del Braulio and Passo dello Stelvio, in the Valle dei Forni and in the Valle di Gavia.

Military roads and mule tracks, trenches and military villages are still a testament to the events of the "White War".
In addition to being a park with great landscapes and exuberant nature, the Stelvio is also a park rich in history. 

The Stelvio National Park was born on April 24, 1935 with the administration entrusted to the State Agency of State Forests and the State Forest Corps.

Since 1995, for twenty years, it has been administered by a consortium between the State, the Lombardy Region and the two autonomous provinces of Trento and Bolzano.
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With the entry into force at the end of February 2016 of the legislative decree 13 January 2016, n. 14 the consortium was abolished and the administrative functions, for the territory of their respective competence, were transferred to the Autonomous Provinces of Trento and Bolzano and to the Region of Lombardy, which administers the Lombardy area through Ersaf / Regional Services Agency Agriculture and forestry. The unitary configuration of the Park is guaranteed by a special Coordination and Direction Committee.

Supervision of the park area.

The supervision of the area of ​​the Park is exercised by Carabinieri  (Lombardy) and by the Provincial Forestry (Bolzano and Trento).

The supervision of the area of ​​the Park is exercised by Carabinieri Parks Reparto NP "Stelvio" in Lombardy and by the Provincial Forestry Body in the provinces of Bolzano and Trento.

The protected area covers twenty-three municipalities, more or less widely included within it (ten in Lombardy, ten in the Province of Bolzano and three in the Province of Trento).
Each one of the municipalities of the Park is an ideal starting point to explore the protected area. Its 1500 km of trails allow you to venture out to discover the nature and the human landscapes of the Stelvio.



The visitor centers are the ideal place to deepen the knowledge about the most diverse aspects of such a rich environmental reality.

At the information points, it is possible to have all the useful information about the protected area and about the many initiatives (excursions, workshops, guided tours, various events) organized by the Park.
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The Gallura region extends to the north of Sardinia along a stretch of steep coast, characterized by long and narrow inlets, granite rocks and islands such as the Magdalena Archipelago.

The main cities and towns are Olbia, Tempio Pausania, La Maddalena, Arzachena and Calangianus. It is part of the province of Sassari.

The first human settlements in Gallura date back to approximately 30.000 years ago, when the first populations crossed the strait between Tuscany and Sardinia. This historic period is known as the Stone Age. Foreign populations colonize Gallura due to its numerous natural resources.

Many people from the nearby island of Corsica came as well to Gallura during this historic period.

The mid-late neolithic Arzachena culture subsisted almost exclusively in this area, and here is found the remains of perhaps the oldest megalith on Sardinia, at Li Muri.
The Gallura region extends to the north of Sardinia along a stretch of steep coast,

The Gallura region.


Around Santa Teresa di Gallura and up to the promontory of Capo Testa, there are some wonderful beaches.

Long and narrow inlets, granite rocks and islands characterize the Gallura region.


The local people speak the "gallurés". A diasystem of the Sardinian, closely connected with the Corsican.

While to the east (province of Arzachena) extends the Costa Esmeralda , the most famous and known stretch of Sardinian coast in the world, to the west, around Santa Teresa di Gallura and to the promontory of Capo Testa, there are some wonderful beaches that they have nothing to envy to the most emblazoned and famous of the island.
Nuraghe_Izzana_(1600 a.C.)


Beach The Liscia (Porto Liscia).


The beach of Porto Liscia is the first one to be found when leaving the territory of Palau and heading northwest towards the coast of Santa Teresa di Gallura .
This sandy area is characterized by a beautiful granite golden sand and has a total of about 2 km, from a reef covered with Mediterranean vegetation to the mouth of the river Liscia, from which it takes its name.

The sea, on the other hand, is notable for having a low background with crystalline waters of iridescent color between the emerald green and the azure blue.
The Beach of Porto Liscia is the first one they find when leaving the territory of Palau.

Beach The Licciola.


A few kilometers to the west, in the town of Valle dell'Erica , is the beautiful beach of La Licciola.

The beach is characterized by a clear sand of medium grain and some reefs in the sand that make it an even more suggestive beach. The crystalline sea has a low background and a color between green and intense blue, as we move away from the shore.

From here, in addition, you can admire a beautiful panorama that includes from the nearby reef of the Colombaia to the island of Spargi that is glimpsed in all its splendor to the horizon.
La Licciola beach is characterized by a clear medium-grained sand and some reefs in the sand.

Beach of Cala Sambuco.


Cala Sambuco is a small beach in the shape of a crescent , characterized by clear sand and crystal clear waters of green and light blue and dark tones. The background is rounded stones and reefs that emerge from the water while all around is Mediterranean vegetation of an intense green that colors the landscape.



Quiet and isolated, this free beach has no services and is especially appreciated by lovers of snorkeling.

To get there from Santa Teresa di Gallura you have to go east, following the signs for Marazzino and turn left following the signs for La Diana restaurant, always proceed straight, go over the junction and turn left and then the right by a dirt road that is called, precisely, Cala Sambuco Road.
Cala Sambuco is a small crescent-shaped beach, characterized by clear sand and crystal clear waters.

Beach of  La Marmorata.


The beach of Marmorata , with its shallow waters and clear sand, with a splendid sea of ​​green and turquoise waters, is surely one of the most beautiful in northern Sardinia.

To complete the magnificent panorama there is a homonymous island that can be reached by swimming from the coast and where you can visit the remains of an ancient Roman quarry.

The beach is equipped with all the services : ample parking, bars, restaurants, possibility of renting umbrellas, sun beds and pedal boats.
Read also: Those who opt for a holiday in Sardinia can meet a variety of interests.
You can also practice snorkeling, windsurfing and other water sports, while trekking enthusiasts can venture on the many paths that lead to the charming coves nearby.
At La Marmorata Beach you can practice snorkeling, windsurfing and other water sports.

The beach of Rena Bianca.


A few steps from the historic center of Santa Teresa di Gallura, the beach of Rena Bianca is one of the most famous in Sardinia.

The beach takes its name from the fine white sand that together with the pink coral fragments that make up the sand, create a unique color, embellished by the clear blue of the sea and the green of the Mediterranean vegetation that surrounds it.

It is no coincidence that in 1987 the beach of Rena Bianca received the recognition of Blue Flag of Europe.


Equipped with all services, it is very easy to get to the beach from the center, which is why it is always very busy, especially in the high season months such as July and August.
A few steps from the historic center of Santa Teresa di Gallura, the beach of Rena Bianca is one of the most famous in Sardinia.

Beach of the Two Seas (Rena di Levante and Rena di Ponente).


From Santa Teresa di Gallura, traveling along Via Capo Testa, you reach the isthmus, on whose sides you can find the beaches of Rena di Levante (east) and Rena di Ponente (to the west).

Rena di Levante is a long stretch of white sand, surrounded by rocky coves and Mediterranean vegetation and thanks to its crystal clear waters has been on several occasions Blue Flag. Further on there is a second stretch of coast, known as Zia Culumba beach (Santa Reparata Bay), which houses suggestive remains of Roman-era columns, also visible underwater.

To the south, Rena di Ponente is a beautiful beach of soft golden sand that is characterized by a sandy area of ​​medium dimensions surrounded by wild and solitary nature, especially behind the promontory of Capo Caccia, bathed by a crystalline and green sea. In the vicinity there are several services: bars, restaurants, hotels and shops.
To the south, Rena di Ponente is a beautiful beach of soft golden sand that is characterized by a sandy area of ​​medium dimensions.
Rena di Levante is a long stretch of white sand, surrounded by rocky coves and Mediterranean vegetation.
Cala Espinosa beach.

Cala Spinosa is an authentic hidden paradise, ideal for those who seek to relax away from the movement of beach bars.
Read also: In Italy There Are Approximately 1500 The Most Important Museums Of The World Heritage Museum.
To get there you will have to follow the indications for the Capo Testa lighthouseand continue on foot along a steep path, but we assure you that your efforts will be rewarded. The sand is presented with a background of clear sand alternated with suggestive granite rocks.

The beautiful seabed with varied and fascinating scenarios will delight lovers of diving and snorkeling.
Cala Spinosa is an authentic hidden paradise, ideal for those looking to relax away from the madding crowd.

Cala Grande beach (Valle de La Luna).


The beach of Cala Grande is reached through a suggestive path in the Valley of the Moon, named for its gigantic white granite massifs , shaped by the ancient erosion of the wind. The highest reaches 128 meters above sea level and is known as La Calavera.

A fantastic setting that accompanies the coves and the lush Mediterranean vegetation, where you can still find a hippy community that, from the 60s , settled down in this magical place, immersed in the beauty of the primordial and distant nature of the daily frenzy.

Still today you can find travelers from all over the world, artists, musicians and people with an adventurous spirit who come to the valley in search of peace and tranquility. Safety pin!
The beach of Cala Grande is reached through a suggestive path in the Valley of the Moon.

La Liccia Beach.


La Liccia is a beach of fine white sand that overlooks a crystalline sea about 5 km from Santa Teresa di Gallura.

Little crowded and with wide open spaces is the ideal place to relax.

The beach and its shallow seabed is especially suitable for bathing and for the children to play while its transparent and crystalline waters are especially suitable for underwater excursions.
La Liccia is a beach of fine white sand that overlooks a crystalline sea about 5 km from Santa Teresa di Gallura.
Rena Majori beach.

Rena Majori is located in the homonymous town of Aglientu, about 7 km from Santa Teresa di Gallura. The beach, with very fine and clear sand, is surrounded by reefs and granite rocks that look out over a beautiful turquoise sea.


Crossed by two rivers (Cantaru River and Ciuchesa River) the extensive stretch of Rena Majori is always quiet and sheltered, as it is surrounded by dunes covered with vegetation and rocks. Behind it, the presence of a pine forest guarantees a pleasant and cool shelter in the hot summer days.

Among the services present, a large parking lot and a campsite, the possibility of renting umbrellas, sun loungers and roller blades. Its seabed is extremely varied and rich in fish, making it a destination especially suitable for underwater dives.
Rena Majori is located in the homonymous town of Aglientu.

We have reached the end of this top 10 on the most beautiful beaches to see in Santa Teresa di Gallura and surroundings, aware that there is nothing more difficult than making a "classification" of the beaches of Sardinia.

Do you know any other beautiful Sardinian beach that we did not include in this brief summary?
Well, nothing simpler! Add it in the comments area with all your data.
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